Laboratory of Endocrine Neurophysiology
Research activity of the group is in the field of neuroscience, neuroendocrinology, neurophysiology and tissue engineering.
From about two decades the main topic is the study of role of neuroactive steroids in the central and peripheral nervous system, focusing on the cross-regulation between neurons and glial cells. These cells, indeed, are able to produce important molecules for the neuronal physiologic process, including the neurotransmitters (for instance the GABAergic system) and the neuroactive steroids. Important scientific interest was addressed to the role of the neuroactive steroids in the process of neuroprotection of the peripheral nervous system, in some models of peripheral neuropathies (e.g. trauma, diabetic neuropathy, demyelinating diseases, etc.). In this regard, the group is presently studying the following topics:
- role of the GABAergic system and neuroactive steroids in the mechanisms of peripheral pain and in the electrophysiologic control of the nerve
- molecular mechanisms controlling the activation of the peripheral GABAergic system in the regulation of myelination and nerve regeneration
- study of novel biomaterials, mesenchymal stem cells and pharmacologic treatments for the nerve regeneration
- effects of the electromagnetic fields on the neuropathology of nerve tumors (schwannomatosis, neurofibromatosis, vestibular schwannoma, etc.)
- Primary cell cultures of the nervous system (neurons and glia), isolated or in co-colture and technics of cell biology (vitality, proliferation, migration, chemotaxis, elisa assay, etc.)
- Cell culture of mesenchymal stem cells
- Technics of molecular biology (qRT-PCR, western blot, immunoprecipitation, gel shift assay, etc.)
- Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry; calcium imaging
- Optic microscopy, CLSM, EM; morphologic analysis and stereology
- Electrophysiology (compound action potential recording, in vivo evoked potential, etc.)
- Behavioural studies (gait analysis, Von Frey test, etc.)
- Prof. Ada Tata (Professor of Biology), Dept. of Biology and Biotechnology Charles Darwin, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
- Prof. Richard Carr (Professor Neurophysisology) and Prof. Martin Schmelz (Professor Neurophysisology), Dept. Anesthesiology, Lab. Experimental Pain Research, University of Heidelberg - Mannheim, Germany
- Prof. Peter Thomas (Professor Endocrinology), Dept. of Marine Science and Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, USA
- Dr Adam Reid (Lecturer Neurosurgery and Orthopaedics), The University of Manchester, UK
- Prof. Lawrence Wrabetz (Professor of Neuroscience), Hunter James Kelly Research Institute, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
- Prof. Bernhard Bettler (Professor of Physiology), Institute of Physiology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Switzerland
- Prof. Alexei Verkhratsky (Professor of Neurophysiology), Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK
- Dr. Sara Marinelli, National Research Council-CNR, Institute of Cell Biology and Neurobiology, Rome, Italy
- Prof. Egle De Stefano (Professor Physiology), University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
- Magnaghi V., Cavarretta I., Galbiati M., Martini L., Melcangi R.C. Neuroactive steroids and peripheral myelin proteins. Brain Res. Rev., 37:360-371, 2001.
- Perego C, Cairano ES, Ballabio M, Magnaghi V. Neurosteroid allopregnanolone regulates EAAC1-mediated glutamate uptake and triggers actin changes in Schwann cells. J Cell Physiol., 227:1740-51, 2012.
- Faroni A, Castelnovo L.F., Procacci P, Caffino L., Fumagalli F., Melfi S., Gambarotta G., Bettler B., Wrabetz L., Magnaghi V. Deletion of GABA-B receptor in Schwann cells regulates Remak bundles and small nociceptive C-fibers. GLIA62:548-65, 2014.
- Melfi S, Colciago A, Giannotti G, Bonalume V, Caffino L, Fumagalli F, Magnaghi V. Stressing out the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway: toward a new role in Schwann cells. Cell Death Dis. 2015, 5;6:e1915. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2015.291.
- Gennari C.G.M., Cilurzo, F., Mitro N., Minghetti, P., Caruso D., Magnaghi V., In vitro and in vivo evaluation of silk fibroin functionalized with GABA and ALLO for Schwann cell and neuron survival. Regen Med. 2018, 13:141-157.